The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.

The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.
The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia, Lithuania.

Friday, 15 February 2013

Metallurgical sector in Romania

Romania has a developed metallurgy industry  which plays a significant role in the country’s economy. Currently it is focused on steel, cast iron and aluminum. The ferrous and non-ferrous industry in Romania represented 6.8% of the total industrial output in 2009, 8.9% of the manufacturing output in 2009 and 11.9% of the total exports of goods in 2010.

According to the Romanian Association of Foundry Professionals, the majority of cast parts in Romania is represented by aluminum alloys, followed by cast iron, steel, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, zinc and others.

According to the same source, the production of castings in Romania in 2011 was mainly represented by aluminum alloys castings (36.1%), followed by cast iron castings (33%), steel castings (19.1%), magnesium alloys castings (6.6%), copper castings (5.1%), zinc castings and others (0.1%).

In 2010, the production of crude steel in Romania recorded 3,721 thousand tons, up by some 35% compared to the previous year. The utilization ratio of the total steel production capacity (9,100 thousand tons crude steel equivalent) increased from 30.3% in 2009 to 40.9% in 2010.

The production in the non-ferrous sector is represented mainly by the aluminum and aluminum alloys industry, followed by the copper and copper alloys industry.

At present, significant investment programs take place in the metallurgy industry  aiming to modernize production capacities, improve technologies and reduce energy consumption.

The number of companies in the metallurgy industry in Romania is of over 400. The companies are located all over the country but the most important working points are located in Hunedoara, Galati, Caras Severin and Targoviste regions.

The ferrous and non-ferrous output is characterized by a high level of concentration, as the top twenty producers recorded some 77% of the total production while the top five producers registered a share of some 53% in 2009.

The local industry of copper alloys casting is represented by dedicated companies producing semi-fabricated parts (eg. Laromet, Orion, Turbonef) as well as companies that manufacture other parts and machinery and also produce bronze or brass parts (eg. IRUN Reghin) for their internal use or for external clients.

In 2007, the estimated total output of copper products was of 3,841 tones, while of zinc products was of 244 tones. In 2011, the estimated output of copper products was of 6,168  tones.

According to the Romanian Foundry Technical Association, the production of castings of non-ferrous alloys in Romania recorded 57,769 tonnes in 2011, out of which the aluminium castings represented 75%, the manganese castings 14% and the copper castings 11%. 

The production of copper castings recorded approximately 6.2 thousand tones in 2011, up by some 12% compared to the previous year.

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