The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.

The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia.
The emerging markets in CE, SE and Eastern Europe include Romania, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia, Lithuania.

Wednesday, 6 May 2015

Agriculture in Romania 2015 - cereals outputs and agricultural machinery imports


Romania is one of the main major producers of agricultural output in Europe. The contribution of agriculture, forestry and fishing to the nominal value of the GDP in Romania was of 5.6% in 2013.

In 2014, the cereal grains output was of 21.6 million tonnes, up by 3.4% y-t-y, out of which 7.46 million tonnes wheat and over 11.73 million tonnes of corn (grain maize). Romania is the 2nd most important producer of grain maize in Europe, after France, who reports an average of 8 tons/ha.

In 2014, the area cultivated with grain maize and the area cultivated with wheat represented 45.9% and 39.0% of the area cultivated with cereals for grains, respectively. The production of cereals for grains increased by 3.4% as against the previous year, due to the increase of the yields per hectare (average yield), as follows: maize grains (+7.2%), barley and two-row barley (+6.3%), wheat (+3.8%) and oats (+1.5%).

Romania has a territory of 23.8 million hectares, out of which an agricultural area of some 14.7 million hectares. There are approximately 3.9 million agricultural holdings in Romania, with the average surface of 3.4 hectares each.


In 2014, Romania occupied the 5th place considering the area cultivated with wheat, after France, Germany, Poland and Spain. In regards to wheat output, Romania was ranked 5th, after France, Germany, United Kingdom and Poland. Considering the yield, Romania is among the lower yield per hectare wheat cultivating Member States.

Currently, Romanian agricultural output relies mainly on imported machinery and agricultural equipment.

The imports of tractors have recorded in 2014 over 445 million EUR, up by some 27% compared to 2013, while the imports of ploughs have registered almost 11 million EUR in 2014, up by approximately 24% compared to 2013.

The imports of disc harrows have gone up by 36% reaching almost 8.5 million EUR in 2014 while the Romanian imports of harrows (other than disc harrows), scarifiers, cultivators, rotovators, weeders and hoes have recorded over 22 million EUR in 2014, up by 26% compared to 2013. 

For a demo report on the market of agricultural equipment and machinery in Romania - Sector focus: Sprayers feel free to access 

For tailor-made sector data, market opportunity analysis and B2B matchmaking with players in the agri-business sector in Romania, feel free to contact FRD Center team at: email: europa@frdcenter.ro or tel: +4021 411 1459/ 60/ 61

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