What is the current level of Digitalisation of the Energy System and Smart Metering in Emerging Europe? What are the priorities of the Energy Producers and Distributors in markets such as Romania, Turkey, Poland, Bulgaria or Lithuania?
What are the main investments announced in the Digitalisation of the Energy System in Eastern Europe?
Romanian top officials, such as Anton Anton, the Minister of Energy, Mihaela Toader, State Secretary at the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration, as well as key opinion leaders such as the general directors of Engie Romania, E.ON Romania, MOL Romania, CEZ Romania, Electrica, Nuclearelectrica, Hidroelectrica, Transelectrica, Trangaz or CE Oltenia participate in Bucharest at the seventh edition of the ZF Power Summit between 19-20 February 2018.
The majority of them, outlined the importance of digitalisation in the development of the Electric Power and Energy Efficiency in Romania.
For example, according to the research carried out by FRD Center, the Smart Metering Industry in Romania is currently in a pilot stage, with the majority of the projects focusing on the Electricity Distribution sector. In the recent few years, Romania has seen an accelerated uptake in the digitalisation of energy process and installation of smart metering.
At the ZF Power Summit 18 in Bucharest, the CEOs of major power companies operating on the Romanian market also announced their investment plans. For example, the investment budget of E.ON Romania for 2018 is of 110 mEUR, of which 90-95% will go further modernising the existing network. Electrica will invest some 200 mEUR in new technologies and network modernisation. Engie România will invest 50 mEUR in their newtork in 2018.
The electricity market in Romania has approximately 9 million customers, out of which around 8.5 million of residential customers (households). The gas market in Romania has approximately 3 million customers and the heat market has around 1.6 million customers.
In order to comply with the EU regulations and recommendations, the Romanian Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE) has launched in 2013 the process of smart metering systems implementation in the electric power distribution sector. Approximately 270,000 consumers in Romania have been integrated in the electricity smart metering system in 2015 and 2016 though pilot projects approved by ANRE. According to the ANRE national plan, at least 30% of the consumers in Romania are expected to have electricity smart meters installed by the end of the stage 1 in 2020. By the end of the stage 2 in 2026, 100% of the Romanian consumers are expected to have electricity smart meters installed.
According to the Romanian Market of Smart Meters research carried out by FRD Center, some of the imported brands available in Romania include:
- Iskra – imported and installed by Development Consulting Business SRL
- Itron – imported and installed by Elsaco Electronic SRL
- Powercom – imported and installed by Efficient Power Technologies SRL
- Apator – imported and distributed by Calor SRL, Black Sea Suppliers SRL, Arena Instalatiilor SRL, Creativ Tools SRL, Prodimar Instalatii SRL
- ista - imported and installed by ista Romania SRL At present, the local producer AEM has a market share of 60 - 65% of the smart meters installed in Romania
The Polish Smart Meters regulation specifies the quality parameters of electric power and quality standards of service recipients. The main quality parameters are frequency and RMS voltage fluctuations and voltage asymmetry and voltage harmonics. National regulation also defines the type of power outages and the time duration of the interruption.
As part of the Polish digitalisation of the power distribution system, ADD Polska and ADD Production signed an agreement with Tauron Dystrybucja, PGE Dystrybucja and innogy Stoen Operator Sp. z o.o. for the supply of 11,040 smart meters in Poland due to start in 2018.
According to a research carried out by FRD Center, in Bulgaria, the penetration of electricity consumption meters whose readings can be extracted remotely, including smart meters, is 65-70% within those used in households.
Some of the imported brands of Smart Meters available in Bulgaria are:
- Maddalena - imported by Krismetal
- Quindis - imported by Nelbo
- Elstel - imported by Gastechnika and Overgas
- Iltron - imported by Gasterm and Hydrocontrol
- Evohome - imported by Honeywell
- EcoStruxure - imported by Schneider Electric Bulgaria
- ADDAX - imported by ADD Bulgaria
- ABB metering - imported by Frodexim
- Siemens - imported by Termocomplect and Siemens Elveco
- AEM - imported by Elpribor
- Alltech - imported by Chromservis
- Sensus - imported by Krismetal
- Zenner - imported by Zenner Bulgaria
- AEM (Romania) – imported by ELPRIBOR AD
In Turkey, according to latest data from Enerji Atlasi, the total number of meters in Electrical distribution system in Turkey (August 2016) was of 38 013 684 (including smart meters). Smart meters have been implemented in Turkey in the last 8-9 years and is progressively gaining pace with (according to Frost and Sullivan) 3.6 million units expected to be deployed each year until 2020. The trend and pace of implementation of power digitalisation and smart meters in Turkey will be decided according to the National TAS 2023 project. The Turkish legislation for Smart meters is affected by the EU directives and any new legislation in this respect is evaluated in the light of EU laws and regulations.
According to a research carried out by FRD Center, the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority is the main public body regulating the energy market in Turkey. Distribution Companies set the annual consumption limit for meters planned to be covered by Automatic Meter Reading Systems and submit it to Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) for approval. Within a distribution region, different consumption limits can be defined taking geographical differences and other factors into account. If the limit is approved, the Distribution Companies initiate the Automatic Meter Reading Systems Project for the meters above this limit.
Examples of Smart Meter brands imported into Turkey are:
- Iscraemeco and EMU– imported and installed by Aktif
- Apator and Common S.A. imported and installed by MetrikItron imported and installed by Manas
- Iscraemeco and Itron imported and installed by Meltas
- Diehl Metering by imported and installed by Madenerji
- smart street lights and related smart network management
- new electric car charging stations
- installation of solar panels on public buildings
- extending the use of alternate energy resources such as biomass, wind and geothermal energy
- energy management systems in buildings for significant energy savings during operation of the facility
- intelligent street lightning in selected districts
- energy yards to supply tram networks
- residential energy efficiencies including renewables, increased energy efficiency in public buildings, smarter tram stops
- CNG fueled taxis & charging points, smart bike storage
- intelligent traffic lights and smart speed limiter systems, dynamic route planner and parking place allocation & management
- smart service points, data management & inteligent adaptive control
- widespread smart metering solutions in buildings, including payment system
- public lighting optimization and energy management
FRD Center has been looking at the smart grid and smart metering developments in Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, Lithuania etc. and has noted certain opportunities for collaboration with foreign technology firms involved in this field.
A DEMO sector brief details some of the recent developments in the Smart Grid and Smart Metering field in Romania and provides profiles of some of the local players involved.
For a free download of the FRD Center DEMO Smart Grid and Smart Metering in Romania analysis feel free to access:
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